With its abundance of remote assets, complex interconnectivity across SCADA devices, and focus on safe and efficient processes, today’s Energy Industry is well-positioned to take advantage of the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT).
But despite the potential benefits, concerns with IIoT solutions' implementation, cost, and reliability still remain. In his new whitepaper, PTC’s Stephen Sponseller explores the challenges of the IIoT for the Energy Industry—and how edge computing solutions are helping fill in the gaps.
Read the excerpt below for a preview, and download the full whitepaper for an in-depth look at how edge devices are contributing to improved decision-making, increased safety, and lowered costs across the Energy Industry.
In the traditional SCADA data collection architecture, all data sources in the field are polled from a centralized host. This requires all raw data to be requested and provided across the network so that it can be stored, monitored, and analyzed back in the enterprise (SCADA, Historian, analytics, and so forth).
But industry leaders see pushing IIoT data collection—and some analytics—to “the edge” as a potential solution to alleviate network bandwidth limitations and security concerns. For the purposes of this paper, the “edge” is defined as the network entry points or data sources that are in the field on the opposite end of the network from the centralized host. In networking terms, an edge device provides an entry point into enterprise or service provider core networks. Examples include routers, routing switches, integrated access devices, multiplexers, and a variety of local area network (LAN) and wide area network (WAN) access devices. Devices and sensors built for the IIoT with access to the network are also considered edge devices.
Across the industry, price and form factors of processors keep decreasing, thus allowing unnecessary computing and data storage to be moved away from the centralized server where enterprise-level applications reside. This enables companies to distribute their computing to the edge of the network through low-cost gateways and industrial PCs that can host localized and task-specific actions in near real-time and transmit much less required data back to the enterprise. And this data can be transmitted with more modern protocols—such as MQTT, OPC UA, AMQP, and CoAP—designed for efficiency and security. Locating the edge gateway in the field and on-site and connecting it directly to the data sources helps alleviate the security concerns of communicating directly with the data sources in the field over a wide area network with an unsecure protocol. . . .
When considering local data collection and analysis at an offshore rig, a wellsite in West Texas or North Dakota, or a wind farm on a mountain range in Colorado, it doesn’t matter if the analysis is performed in actual devices like PLCs or PACs or in edge gateways. The main concern is ensuring that the raw, unsecure data is not sent across large geographic distances through a potentially public network to a centralized site for analysis and action.
Download "The Importance of the Edge for the Industrial Internet of Things in the Energy Industry" to read the full whitepaper, and then explore other Kepware solutions designed to help oil and gas professionals optimize diverse automation devices and software applications across multiple telemetry options.